What is organic food?
Organic food is food produced by methods that comply with the standards of organic farming. Standards vary worldwide, but organic farming features practices that cycle resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity. Organizations regulating organic products may restrict the use of certain pesticides and fertilizers in the farming methods used to produce such products. Organic foods typically are not processed using irradiation, industrial solvents, or synthetic food additives.
Which legislation regulates the Organic Food in India?
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has the mandate to regulate manufacture, distribute, sell or import “organic foods” as per the provisions laid under Section 22 of the Food Safety Standards Act, 2006. Organic foods are regulated by Food Safety and Standards (Organic Foods) Regulations, 2017 notified under the provisions of the Act.
What does “Certified Organic” mean?
If a product has been “Certified Organic”, it has been grown according to strict standards set by FSSAI. Farmers that have been “Certified Organic” raise crops and livestock without toxic pesticides, most synthetic fertilizers, antibiotics, growth hormones or genetically engineered seeds.
Do organic farmers use toxic chemicals?
No. By law, organic farmers can’t use most toxic pesticides or synthetic fertilizers. Instead, they raise healthy crops and livestock using time-tested methods that protect the environment.
Is organic farming better for the environment?
Organic farmers improve the environment by using earth-friendly methods. For example, they don’t use most synthetic chemicals and pesticides – which often pollute nearby streams – to grow their crops.
Are organic yields lower?
Several studies have shown that organic crops produce yields consistent with conventional crop yields. With good practices, organic farmers can produce as much as conventional farmers.